# Orientation of SceneNode

Eldritch

26-03-2007 20:16:48

I am trying to move and rotate a SceneNode by the use of the keyboard, but it seems as if the orientation gets screwed when the node's yaw ends up between 180 and 359 degrees.

To clarify:

I have my SceneNode (with a ninja mesh). When I press W, it moves forward and S moves it backwards. I rotate it using A and D. As long as do not rotate over 180 degrees, I move in the correct directions, but as soon as I rotate more than 180 degrees, I do not move in what would have been the right direction, I keep moving in the previous direction.

To clarify the last part:

Ninja faces up +Z, rotation is 0 degrees. W moves up +Z axis.

Ninja faces down -Z, rotation is 180 degrees. W moves up +Z axis, and NOT down -Z axis as it should.

Here is the code:

``` public void Move(float fSpeed) { float rot = m_refSceneNode.Orientation.Yaw.ValueRadians + (float)System.Math.PI / 2.0f; Vector3 vec = new Vector3(); vec.x = m_refSceneNode.Position.x + (float)System.Math.Cos(rot) * fSpeed; vec.y = m_refSceneNode.Position.y; vec.z = m_refSceneNode.Position.z - (float)System.Math.Sin(rot) * fSpeed; m_refSceneNode.Position = vec; } public void Rotate(float fSpeed) { m_refSceneNode.Yaw(new Radian(fSpeed)); } ```

Btw.. the compensation of +90 degrees in the Move function is due to the fact that the ninja faces along +Z and not +X in it's initial position, so that screws up the math a bit if I don't compensate.

Eldritch

27-03-2007 09:05:32

No one got any ideas? I've tried some different approaches, but none yielded any result. How do you move your stuff around in your applications??

Bekas

27-03-2007 10:23:48

```Vector3 moveScale = new Vector3(0, 0, -10); //to move the ninja forward 10 units node.Translate(moveScale, Node.TransformSpace.TS_LOCAL);```

But I'd suggest that you get the ninja to face to the right direction, by creating a child SceneNode for the main ninja node, turn the child node appropriately and attach the ninja to it. Then you handle the position of the main ninja node.

And then:
```Vector3 moveScale = new Vector3(10, 0, 0); //move forward 10 units node.Translate(moveScale, Node.TransformSpace.TS_LOCAL);```

Eldritch

27-03-2007 13:51:27

Another node? I am not sure I understood what you meant there Bekas, excuse my slow brain

Bekas

27-03-2007 20:40:52

Something like this:
```Entity ninja = sceneMgr.CreateEntity("ninja", "ninja.mesh"); // Main node for ninja SceneNode ninjaNode = sceneMgr.RootSceneNode.CreateChildSceneNode(); // child node to turn ninja facing the right direction SceneNode sn = ninjaNode.CreateChildSceneNode(); // child node will be turned in relation with its parent sn.Yaw(new Degree(-90)); sn.AttachObject(ninja);```

Eldritch

27-03-2007 21:58:12

I figured it out, it worked by taking ninjaNode.Orientation * new Vector3(0, 0, -1)

However, I have another problem that is more trickier to solve.. I need to be able to position my 3rd-person camera so it stays behind the ninja at all times. So far, I have not been able to find any solution. The above multiplication does not help in this matter.

Bekas

29-03-2007 16:17:53

Child SceneNode to the rescue:
```// CameraNode attached to the ninja node SceneNode cameraNode = ninjaNode.CreateChildSceneNode(10, 10, 10); //at some position relative to the ninja cameraNode.AttachObject(camera);```

Eldritch

29-03-2007 17:17:37

Yes, but will that really put it behind the ninja at all times??

Edit: doh!! I am such a noob at times.. of course it does... THANK YOU!!!

Bekas

29-03-2007 18:31:33

Yep, when you move/turn the ninjaNode, cameraNode will follow.
When you build a hierarchy of scene nodes, when the parent node moves, its child nodes go with it.

Eldritch

30-03-2007 20:57:28

I've reinstated this thread because there is one more problem with rotation that I need to resolve...

If I do this:

float yaw = myNode.Orientation.Yaw.ValueDegrees;

I get the yaw value in degrees. To my horror... I discovered that the actual value is pretty weird.. it goes from 0 to 90 and then BACK to 0 again.. even though I have turned 180 degrees!!! And turning the other way it goes from 0 to -90 and down to 0 again...

How do I get the real rotation? I mean.. between 0 and 360 degrees.